Raymond Cattell was one of the pioneer trait theorists. While it may have been defined in many ways, Gordon Allport defined traits as “a generalized neuropsychic system (peculiar to an individual), with the capacity to render many stimuli functionally equivalent, and to initiate and guide consistent (equivalent) forms of adaptive and expressive behavior”. He found two types types of traits: Cattell’s Trait Theory: This trait theory is given by Raymond Cattell. It is a “happy medium” between the three personality traits developed by Eysenck and the 16 developed by Cattell. Cattell’s Trait Approach Raymond Cattell believed that there is a common structure on which people differ from each other. He described these 16 traits on a continuum. Cattell's theory was created and published in 1949, which was known as a device called 16PF. 61 terms. Personality Theory Created July 7, 2017 by user Mark Kelland Gordon Allport is considered the founder of trait theory. Although Cattell contributed much to the use of factor analysis in his pursuit of a common trait language his theory has not been successfully replicated. According to Cattell,_____ are the true causes of behavior. Reasoning is about intellectual capacity. As trait theorists, Raymond Cattell and Hans Eysenck, their primary interest is in the measurement of traits or the patterns/habits of behaviors, thoughts, and emotions. So now what Cattell did is that he proposed that we all have 16 essential personality traits. Trait theory in psychology rests on the idea that people differ from one another based on the strength and intensity of basic trait dimensions. 98 terms. In this regard, the more profound and successful an individual’s abstract thought is, the more intelligent we say they are. 2. Discuss early trait theories of Cattell and Eysenck Discuss the Big Five factors and describe someone who is high and low on each of the five factors Trait theorists believe personality can be understood via the approach that all people have certain traits , or characteristic ways of behaving. Emotional stabilityrefers to the ability … 9. A phenotype is an external force that changes how a person relates to their surroundings. A surface trait is comprised of the source traits that can be observed in an individual and are easily observable and common clusters of behavior. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. Allport, Cattell, Eysenck and the Big Five The Personality Trait Theory is one of the most critically debated in the field of personality studies. Trait theory of leadership. Cattell considered source traits to be more influential than surface traits in studying personality. In other words, everybody has some degree of every trait, according to Cattell. C a cluster analysis of surface traits reveals source traits. Similar to the PEN Model, OCEAN is an acronym for five different traits that all humans display some degree of. Trait Theory Personality traits reflect people’s characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Kretschmer and Sheldon are credited with this classification. Cattell used a statistical technique called factor analysis to draft his theory. Cattell/Eysenck, ch 8. B) source traits ... a source trait can influence several surface traits. And a secondary trait is something like a love for modern art or a reluctance to eat meat. Trait theory is sometimes viewed as dry, inflexible, and devoid of paying attention to the rich and interesting developmental aspects of personality that so many students enjoy studying. Let's go to the second theorist. By finding the maximum commonality (common variance) within those adjectives. Factors A, B, and C in Raymond Cattell’s personality theory correspond to warmth, reasoning, emotional stability, and dominance. Thus, a short plumb person was said to be sociable, relaxed, and even-tempered; a tall, thin person was characterized as reserved, self-conscious, and fond … Trait theory is among the oldest notions of leadership and was widely used between 1930 to 1950. B) surface and source traits. 6 terms. Trait Theory Strengths. Abstract Trait theory is one of the major approaches to the study of human personality. psych human learning FINAL EXAM. Changes in state measures He often uses the terms source trait and factor interchangeably.Factor analysis is a statistical technique that determines a number of factors, or clusters, based on the intercorrelation between a number of individual elements. Following this discovery he went on to create and promote the 16PF Questionnaire. 16 personality factor theory 1. emotional, easily upset vs. calm, stable 2. 72 terms. D) all of the above factors of personality. Cattell’s most important discovery was the 16 factors underlying human personality. Introduction In his explorations of personality, British psychologist Raymond Cattell found that variations in human personality could be best explained by a model that has sixteen variables (personality traits), using a statisical procedure known as factor analysis. 3. Warmthrepresents the degree of contact that a person establishes with other individuals. And his name was Raymond Cattell. Allport suggests in his personality trait theory that there are external and internal forces that can influence personalities and behaviors. cattell (personality theories) STUDY. PLAY. RAYMOND CATTELL 1905 - 1998 Structure-Based Systems Theory Factor Analysis TRAITS Personality Traits take a bipolar form Example: Talkative - Quiet Surface Traits 18,000 Trait words (Allport and Odbert,1936) Clusters (35 identified by Cattell) 1 He went on to define personality as “the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to the environment.” Let us look at this … Allport's, Cattell's, and Eysenck's Trait Theories of Personality Allport's, Cattell's, and Eysenck's trait theories propose that individuals possess certain personality traits that partially determine their behavior. Although now commonly recognized, the dis-tinction between personality traits and states re-flected Cattell’s emphasis upon both stability and change in personality. This theory identifies certain traits that are essential for a … And used this technique to reduce large number of adjectives into smaller number. He tried to identify the primary traits from a huge array of descriptive adjectives found in language. cattell. An approach to personality description originated by Raymond B. Cattell, based on an analysis of characteristics into surface traits and source traits.A trait is a reasonably consistent personality characteristic which may be used to distinguish an individual from others. He was a strong advocate of the trait approach to human personality. ; Central Traits: According to Allport, are those that we would “mention in writing a careful letter of recommendation”. According to him, the sample of a large number of variables should be studied to have a proper understanding of the individual personality. According to Cattell’s research, human personality traits could be summarized by 16 personality factors (PF) or main traits. He referred to these influences as being phenotypes and genotypes. Art of Africa. Many psychologists have theorized using the trait approach to personality, which advocates the differences between individuals. The trait theory of personality categorizes traits into three levels: cardinal, central, and secondary. 1. Theory of Personality - 16 Base Traits Culture - Fair Intelligence Tests Raymond Cattell was an influential psychologist who developed new analytic techniques that allowed for more nuanced empirical measurements of the components of personality and intelligence. intro to counseling FINAL EXAM. By Shreena Desai. Cattell used the factor-analytic technique to identify sixteen source traits. Source Traits and Factor Analysis. Individual Traits: According to Allport, there are three individual traits: cardinal, central and secondary traits.. Cardinal Traits: A cardinal trait is “so pervasive and outstanding in a life that almost every act seems traceable to its influence”. These are the Big Five, also known as the OCEAN Theory. 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