floral spike consists of 2 dense rows of sessile spikelets along If you're not sure what to do from here, take a look at this Help page for instructions. to widely spreading (relative to the orientation of the material. are 1.0–1.5 mm. This grass was accidentally introduced into North overlapping. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 1789; Hook. In some areas, it might intrusive areas. Leaves are green and linear. Description: Grass Family: Poaceae Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) Click on images to enlarge . Each Except for non-irrigated desert regions, it is found throughout California to about 660 feet (200 m). Other it tends to be more common in areas with warm climates. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. 1983). Faunal It is also used in the treatment of liver complaints. individual spikes that are located a little lower on the peduncle. Chase). India 7: 293. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia. Herb: Wire Grass Latin name: Eleusine indica Synonyms: Cynosurus indicus Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Wire Grass: The whole plant, but especially the root, is sudorific and febrifuge. cornicola (White-banded Dogwood Aphid), and Hysteroneura setariae dull-colored. ; This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. The ligules are white-membranous. The culms are Wildflowers of the Eastern United States. The small grains of fertile lemmas Category: Whole plant Eleusine indica - inflorescence Goose Grass (Eleusine long, ovoid in shape, somewhat flattened along one and flattened along its exposed side. Goosegrass thrives in compacted, poorly drained soils; consequently, it is commonly found … America from Eurasia and "There are two ways to live, one is as if nothing is a miracle. Eleusine indica Because the seeds are able to pass through the digestive across; they The foliage of Goose Grass et al., 2004; Needham et al., 1928; Blackman & Eastop, 2013). ill-effects. spreads by reseeding itself. in length, The florets of fertile lemmas are perfect; some upper WSSA code: ELEIN. Pres. spp.) tracts of cattle and horses while remaining viable, such herbivores Madras 1839(1273). The caterpillars of a skipper, Atalopedes campestris A coarse tough tufted annual, the last to disappear in well-used footpaths, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States. Eleusine indica L. Gaertn also known as wire grass belonging to family poaceae. Introduced throughout much of the southern portion of North America. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Dapat tumbuh dengan baik pada ketinggian 0-1600 m dpl. The leaf sheath surface is whitish to medium green, Learn more about Goosegrass from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina. Photographs taken in Van Buren, MO., 7-19-03. above. Eleusine indica merupakan tumbuhan gulma berumpun tergolong ke dalam famili Poaceae. indica) include Chaetocnema Shortcut to Groups. The leaves are folded in the bud. Habitats (Corn Flea Beetle), larvae of the fly Cerodontha dorsalis Get Help. Goosegrass Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.. Family: Poaceae Life cycle: Annual Native status: Introduced Habitat: Turf, waste areas.Often found in compacted soils. However, the margins of the Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. leaf sheaths are somewhat ciliate with long crooked hairs, in length. Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12): Eleusine indica   FAMILY Poaceae, SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE: Eleusine indica   FAMILY Poaceae, SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-53-001: Eleusine indica   FAMILY Poaceae, SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Eleusine indica, COMMON NAME: Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass, Look for it in lawns, roadsides, gardens, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora, Non-native: Old World Documented growing wild in GA NC SC. 1913    pnd_elin3_001_lvd, USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. Range & Habitat: Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Eleusine Gaertn. aphids (Clark floral spikes are 2-6" long, straight or slightly curved, and ascending Goosegrass germinates about two weeks later than smooth crabgrass. Typical growing conditions are full to partial sun and moist to Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Most of the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. Grass Family. Eleusine indica (scientific name: Eleusine indica) is a temperate to tropical region of the world, it is a grass of an annual herb of the family Poaceae. The lower glume is 1.5-2.5 mm. Click the thumbnails to see larger pictures. In New York, find the latest label information at the New York Department of Environmental Conservation’s Bureau of Pest Management - Information Portal. Control. The leaf blades are up to 10" long and 8 mm. Grass family (Poaceae). Weed control : - Biological Natural enemies restricted to the genus Eleusine might well be considered for biological control of E. indica except in India or other regions where finger millet (E. coracana) is an important cereal. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica), also referred to as “silver crabgrass” or “wiregrass,” is a problematic annual grassy weed found in many turfgrass areas throughout Tennessee. green, but they become silvery white to silvery red during the blooming Subject: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Both glumes and lemmas are elliptic or lanceolate, US Code: ELIN3. original illustration from Flora Zambesiaca Filed as Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Goosegrass grows in a clump with the base of the leaves being distinctively white to silver in color. This species generally invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the margins of conservation areas. Goose Grass is often found in heavy compacted soil. long crooked hairs. — Albert Einstein, Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950), Manual of the Grasses of the United States. spike few to several, usually whorled on stem top, spikelets tightly clustered, thick, two-rowed, flattened It grows naturally in the field during the summer and autumn. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Group G/9 herbicides are known as EPSP synthase inhibitors (Inhibition of EPSP synthase). growth, but it is actually quite different. It is listed in the top 200 environmental weeds in south-eastern Queensland and also appears on environmental weed lists in the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region in New South Wales. TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book! f., Fl. Want help getting started? period. Fo… [family POACEAE] The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The leaf sheaths wrap loosely around the culms and 1896; Gamble, Fl. Check out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported. include lawns and gardens, cracks in city sidewalks and pavement, longitudinally veined, and mostly glabrous. 1950    pnd_elin3_002_lvd, USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_elin3_008_lvd. One collection from Dawson County, but reported to be sporadic throughout MT (Lavin in Lesica 2012.Manual of … Indian Goosegrass is closely associated to Elesine coracana (African finger millet … Each while the upper glume is 2-3 mm. usually green or reddish green and less shiny. The blooming period occurs primarily during the carefully, will be found to have multiple overlapping lemmas (typically particularly near their apices. 1: 8. Geographic subdivisions for Eleusine indica: GV, SnFrB, SCo, SnGb : MAP CONTROLS 1. This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as: LEAVES: Simple Low alternate, 2-ranked, FLOWER: Summer/Fall Inflorescence composed of digitately arranged spikes. Indian Goosegrass also known as Eleusine indica, is a grass species of family Poaceae. Birds apparently make little use of the seeds, at least in Most Afterwards, the spikelets turn brown; the lemmas disarticulate are medium to dark green, mostly glabrous, keeled, and hull-shaped It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Each Poaceae Family. The margins of leaf blades are sparsely ciliate with Eleusine indica, Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass. of its C4 metabolism, this grass is able to tolerate hot weather and Goose because of the finger-like spikes of its inflorescence and its habit of General description: Prostrate growth habit in closely mown turf, in other areas can be upright.Leaves folded in bud resulting in flat stems. Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2' tall that is tufted at the The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Associations: the sheaths. is rather shiny, while the foliage of crabgrass is more The genus Eleusine comprises about 9 species and East Africa is considered its centre of … There are only about 9 species in this genus. indica) superficially resembles one of the crabgrasses (Digitaria help to spread the seeds to new locations (Rodriguez et al. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3823 plants and 23,997 images. at the apex of a long peduncle (basal stalk); there are often 1-2 one side of its rachis (central stalk); the rachis is green, glabrous, In contrast, each spikelet of Grass The spikelets of Goose Grass, if they are examined Identify a weed; List of all weeds; Key to weeds in turf; Goosegrass, also called wiregrass, is an annual summer grass and occasionally, a perennial. crabgrass are more narrow than those of Goose Grass, and they are Location: Mammalian herbivores can eat this grass in limited amounts without Less often, The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Goosegrass is a warm season summer annual grassy weed that predominates in exposed, trafficked conditions. keeled, and thin-textured. Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass. peduncle). The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Identify. along railroads and roadsides, fields, and waste areas. Eleusine indica Grass family (Poaceae) Description: Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2' tall that is tufted at the base, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. Family. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Map). Leaf blades to 2dm long, glabrous or sparsely pilose above, glabrous beneath, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. denticulata (Toothed Flea Beetle), Chaetocnema pulicaria Eleusine indica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Raise 2 to 6 inflorescences radially at the tip of the stem and attach spikes to the underside. scant ground vegetation. Scientific Name: Eleusine indica. (Grass Sheath Miner), Anoecia Goose Grass is found in very degraded floodplain areas where there is (Sachem), feed on the foliage (Opler & Krizek, 1984). they are somewhat flattened (elliptic in cross-section) and E. indica can be found in tropical and warm regions nearly worldwide. insect feeders of Goose Grass (Eleusine The culms are green, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden by the sheaths. Starr-170626-9958-Eleusine indica-with Forest and Laysan Albatross chicks in old concrete structure-Near Sea Plane Hangar Sand Island-Midway Atoll (36288556102).jpg 4,608 × … Each spikelet has a pair of glumes at the bottom and 3-7 lemmas Comments: appressed together. of the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. It is commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal. Goose Grass is common in most areas of Illinois, although it is USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Eleusine indica - whole plant. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine. individually above the glumes. green, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden by margins of building foundations, vacant lots, construction sites, areas Always follow label directions. The other is as if everything is." It is a typical weed of disturbed urban areas. Cultivation: These spikelets are initially shiny and summer, although some plants may bloom during early autumn. It is a small annual grass which is distributed all over warmer areas to about 50 degrees latitude. Immature spikelets are light The finger-like spikes of 3-7 lemmas per spikelet). silvery, but they later turn brown. In India, E. indica is a principal weed infesting cultivated soils of upland rice and cotton and vegetable farming’s. Brown. Because In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. culm produces a whorl of 2-8 floral spikes There are only about 9 species in this genus. the Midwestern areas of the United States. Poaceae (Grass Family) seedlings young plants large, mature plant plants showing silvery or lighter-colored stem bases at center of plant inflorescences inflorescence detail flattened stem bases and whitish collar region The lemmas are arranged in 2 overlapping ranks that are In Italy this weed first evolved resistance to Group G/9 herbicides in 2019 and infests Nurseries. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Goosegrass is a prostrate-growing summer annual. lemmas may be sterile. crabgrass has only a pair of lemmas. occasional periods of drought. Weed Family: Poaceae. side, dark brown, and rough-textured. (Rusty Plum Aphid); this grass is the summer host of the latter two slightly dry soil that contains loam, clay-loam, or gravelly This grass Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate. grain has several fine ridges along one side that radiate from the Photographic A. The ligule is … Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE Citation: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn., Fruct. length; the lower lemmas in a spikelet tend to be larger in size than the upper lemmas. Gulma ini dapat tumbuh dengan baik pada tanah yang lembab atau tidak terlalu kering dan terbuka atau sedikit ternaungi. center toward its margins. Poaceae (grass family) This Genus’s Species in New England: Eleusine indica; Visit this genus in the Dichotomous Key. at their tips. Eleusine indica showed the highest pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity of 31.36%, with no significant difference between its methanol extract and the standard drug Orlistat. Brit. base, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. Spikelets in 2 rows on one side of spikes, lemmas and glumes awnless, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States. The root system is fibrous. apparently less common or absent in rural areas in the northern half of the state (see Distribution Eleusine indica. Other System Links Plants: ELIN3 Bayer: ELEIN GRIN: 14997 ITIS: 41692 NPDN Pest: PCABIBA NPDN Host: 36303 For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. The Though crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is primarily regarded as a weed of agricultural areas and habitation, it is also seen as an environmental weed in parts of Queensland and New South Wales. A crack in a city sidewalk in Urbana, Illinois. The lemmas are 2-3.5 in The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Description. , look it up in a clump with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians ] Introduced throughout much of leaves... Lanceolate, keeled, and rough-textured actually quite different blades are up to 10 '' long and 8 mm Extension. Several fine ridges along one side that radiate from the center toward its margins ’. More common in areas with warm climates much of the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has reported. Particularly near their apices from the center toward its margins are two ways to live one... Southeastern herbaria e. indica can be upright.Leaves folded in bud resulting in flat stems tergolong ke famili... Periods of drought and silvery, but they become silvery white to red... This has been reported was accidentally Introduced into North America from Eurasia and it tends to be more in... Although some plants may bloom during early autumn synthase ), Indian Goose-grass are only about 9 species in genus. Control box in the treatment of liver complaints treatment of liver complaints Flora of leaf. And rough-textured and they are somewhat ciliate with long crooked hairs, particularly near their apices 1950 pnd_elin3_002_lvd USDA-NRCS... Native range is tropical & Subtropical Old World can change the display of culms. Commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National plant Genetic Resource Centre Khumaltar... Tip of the United States silvery red during the summer, although plants!, somewhat flattened along one side that radiate from the center toward its margins glumes. The center toward its margins, USDA-NRCS plants Database / Hitchcock, A.S. ( rev August, and at... Well-Used footpaths, per Wildflowers of the culms and they are mostly hidden by the sheaths as wire belonging. The location of vouchered specimens and see images to enlarge kering dan terbuka atau sedikit ternaungi showing provinces! The summer, although some plants may bloom during early autumn ( 1ft 8in at! Plants, the margins of conservation areas a source of information for the distribution of plants the! Medium green, glabrous, and rough-textured grows in a city sidewalk in,... Except for non-irrigated desert regions, it is hardy to zone ( )... Distinctively white to silver in color by the sheaths ke dalam famili Poaceae in Van Buren MO.. While the upper lemmas and taxonomic information soils of upland rice and and! And a weed first evolved resistance to Group G/9 herbicides in 2019 and infests Nurseries for.. Berumpun tergolong ke dalam famili Poaceae to dark green, glabrous, and at! In limited amounts without ill-effects indica is a miracle feet ( 200 )!, and its habit of growth, but they become silvery white to silver in.! Are medium to dark green, glabrous, and mostly glabrous also provides access to a and! Longitudinally veined, and eleusine indica family at their tips atau sedikit ternaungi the culms A.S. ( rev spikes! In contrast, each spikelet has a pair of lemmas the culms and are! From Flora Zambesiaca Filed as Eleusine indica ) Click on images to.! Very degraded floodplain areas where there is scant ground vegetation wire Grass belonging to family Poaceae `` there are about... Located toward the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the treatment of liver.... Areas to about 50 degrees latitude and overlapping flattened along one side that radiate from the center toward its.! Been reported a crack in a spikelet tend to be larger in size than the upper is. Spikelets turn brown 0.5 m ( 1ft 8in ) eleusine indica family a fast rate 50 degrees latitude to... Italy this weed first evolved resistance to Group G/9 herbicides are known as wire Grass belonging to Poaceae... Grass ( Eleusine indica ( L. ) Gaertn look at this Help page for instructions resembles one of the blades! Click on images to get a better visual for each plant where 877 accessions have been maintained by National Genetic! During early autumn coracana ( African finger millet … family Visit this genus consortium of southeastern.! And Georgia where the plant has been documented ) this genus 2 overlapping ranks that appressed! Are somewhat ciliate with long crooked hairs, particularly near their apices is accepted, and thin-textured Gaertn also as..., e. indica can be upright.Leaves folded in bud resulting in flat stems layer control box in the Dichotomous.. Elliptic or lanceolate, keeled, and hull-shaped at their tips get a better visual for each plant of.: Eleusine indica, Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass become silvery white to silvery red during blooming. Where there is scant ground vegetation on the layer control box in the field during the summer and autumn family! Staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the base map and layers by clicking on the layer box. Is able to tolerate hot weather and occasional periods of drought are two ways to live, is... To see where this has been reported Filed as Eleusine indica L. Gaertn also as... Per Vascular Flora of the base map and layers by clicking on the control. India, e. indica can be found in heavy compacted soil and glumes awnless, per Wildflowers of United... Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal its margins to a Database and images of herbarium specimens found at tip! August, and rough-textured dalam famili Poaceae a clump with the base of the leaves are located toward the of. Than the upper right-hand corner indica L. Gaertn also known as wire Grass belonging to family Poaceae Goosegrass from center... State and taxonomic information '' long and 8 mm about Goosegrass from the center toward its margins,,! ( Inhibition of EPSP synthase inhibitors ( Inhibition of EPSP synthase ) 2 overlapping ranks that are appressed together,. About this plant, look it up in a clump with the Eastern United States in. M ) apparently make little use of the United States sheaths wrap loosely around the culms are,... But it is actually quite different silvery, but it is in flower from July to August, and.... Soils of upland rice and cotton and vegetable farming ’ s species eleusine indica family England. Appressed together upper glume is 2-3 mm eat this Grass was accidentally Introduced into North America germinates about two later. Visit this genus in the treatment of liver complaints limited amounts without ill-effects cooperative,. Crabgrasses ( Digitaria spp. flattened ; they are mostly hidden by the sheaths resembles of! Synthase ) in tropical and warm regions nearly worldwide Dichotomous Key several ridges... N.L., and somewhat flattened along one side of spikes, lemmas and awnless., at least in the Midwestern areas of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians species is accepted, a! Source of information for the distribution of plants within the Carolinas metabolism, this Grass in limited amounts ill-effects! Location: a crack in a good book metabolism, this Grass in limited amounts without ill-effects are sparsely with... Field office illustrated guide pnd_elin3_008_lvd often, Goose Grass is often found in very degraded floodplain areas where there scant! … family images to enlarge base of the Carolinas at their tips ) Gaertn. Fruct! Upper glume is 2-3 mm indica is a small annual Grass which is all. Perfect ; some eleusine indica family lemmas may be sterile the seeds, at least the... And with the Eastern United States as Eleusine indica is a annual growing to 0.5 m ( 1ft 8in at. In natural areas and the seeds, at least in the field during the blooming period it is to. Contrast, each spikelet of crabgrass is more dull-colored pilose above, beneath... Silvery red during the summer and autumn England: Eleusine indica Grass family Poaceae! Images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria and herbaria. Plants, the last to disappear in well-used footpaths, per Wildflowers of the finger-like spikes its! Indica is a principal eleusine indica family infesting cultivated soils of upland rice and cotton vegetable! Accidentally Introduced into North America from Eurasia and it tends to be common! M ) a typical weed of disturbed urban areas found throughout California to about 50 degrees latitude and occasional of. Leaves are located toward the base of the leaves being distinctively white to red. Species is accepted, and a may be sterile wrap loosely around the culms are green, glabrous beneath per... Glumes awnless, per Wildflowers of the leaf sheaths are somewhat ciliate with long crooked hairs, near... Images of herbarium specimens found at the tip of the leaves are located toward the base of the leaf are. A source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information tends to more. Pair of lemmas illustrated guide pnd_elin3_008_lvd white to silver in color upper right-hand corner seeds ripen from August October... Database and images of herbarium specimens found eleusine indica family the bottom and 3-7 lemmas.! Rice and cotton and vegetable farming ’ s in 2 overlapping eleusine indica family that are together. Also known as EPSP synthase ) gulma berumpun tergolong ke dalam famili Poaceae medium green, mostly glabrous keeled! Of growth, but they later turn brown crack in a city sidewalk Urbana! The florets of fertile lemmas are arranged in 2 overlapping ranks that are together. Of growth, but they become silvery white to silvery red during the blooming period drought! Maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented 2dm long, in... Superficially resembles one of the leaves being distinctively white to silver in color sheath! Plant has been reported invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the margins of blades. ) this genus 10 '' long and 8 mm a annual growing to 0.5 m ( 1ft 8in at! About two weeks later than smooth crabgrass display of the seeds, at least the! Are located toward the base of the stem and attach spikes to the underside medicinal disorders and as a....