It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. Therefore, to defend the colonists from Indians (and vice versa) the British parliament decided that the colonists should pay a small tax (compared to was paid But when they realized that the Company was promoting Christianity in their land they became furious. • The Muslims were shaken by the removal of Muslim authority. /4 Q6.Why did the War of Independence of 1857 … British traders made enormous profits in this two way trade. Throughout the entire Bible God tells us that while we are on this earth, our sinful natures would drive us to war. The resistance disintegrated primarily due to lack of leadership and unity on the part of Indians, as also to cruel suppression by the British Army. The revolt of 1857 witnessed in large parts of North and Central India was an armed rebellion triggered due to number of political and economic policies of British. Each of the European nations had their own goals and motives as to why they did what they did. In Italy, Benito Mussolini seized power as a fascist dictator promising to create a "New Roman Empire. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. 5. I will explain some of the reasons colonists rebelled against the new reform programs, the roles African Americans played during the American Revolution, how the patriots achieved the unity needed to wage the War for Independence, and the impact the American Revolution had on the Native Americans. In fact the Christian missionaries all over India were being patronized by the British government and in 1855 the priests like E. Edmund professed that the whole of India should be under one religion, i.e., Christianity. It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. The people of India at that time were highly concerned about their religion and religious rites. The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. What was the Immediate cause of Revolt of 1857 (War of independence of 1857)? This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. Anjali_Gurajapu. Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857 Recently Akash got to know that revolt of 1857 is also known as First War of Independence. The British brought into force the Doctrine of Subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economical, social, religious and military. Stephanie Maharaj Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. Since the cows were sacred for the Hindus and pigs were haram for the Muslims both of them refused to carry such rifles. They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. Colonists were divided over which side to support in the war; in some areas, the struggle was a civil war. This war is called war of Independence. Causes of Failure of 1857 Indian War of Independence On April 27, 1857, eighty-five soldiers of a Bengal regiment of British East India Company, posted in Meerut, disobeyed the command of their senior British officer, to use the new cartridges for newly introduced Enfield rifles, … A brief account of these causes is given below: Since the battle of Plassey, the British conquered territory after territory to extend their empire. This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the Company in case there was no male heir to the throne of the state. /4 Q2.Briefly explain three reasons for The War of Independence of 1857? For example, under the military rules the Indian soldiers were forbidden to have beards or wear turbans or put tilaks on their foreheads. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. World war one war one was a war not born from profound causes but triggered by a continents own insolence, competition and whom a nation was allied with. Before using these cartridges they were to be cut by teeth. His responsibility was to solve the debt crisis they were facing. Terms in this set (16) What were the political causes of the first war of independence? So, in this, the issue … A war seemed to be beneficial to every nation. The set of techniques used by a group to carry out war is known as warfare. Russia was trying to recover from a revolution that had occurred less than a decade ago. It is generally characterized by extreme violence, social disruption and economic destruction. In addition to these reasons there was an immediate cause that coerced the Indians to go for war. The causes of war Political causes Religious causes Social causes Military causes Economic causes 2. The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a conflict that erupted between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen British colonies, who declared their independence as the United States of America in 1776. In 1931, an increasingly militaristic Japanese Empire, which had long sought influence in China[8] as the first step of its right to rule Asia, used the Mukden Incident as justification to invade Manchuria; the two nations... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes, How Did The French Revolution Affect The American War. In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt.. such as. Policy of expansion 2. There were many causes of the War of Independence of 1857. Gravity. Causes of the Revolt. (a) Annexation of Avadh on the ground of bad-governance (b) Inefficient administrative machinery of the company (c) Growing suspicion among native rulers over Lord Dalhousie’s policies of Doctrine of Lapse (d) Greased Cartridges All these attempts alienated both Hindu and Muslim Indians who realized that the White men were intending to devour their lands. Throughout the war, the British were able to use their naval superiority to capture and occupy coastal cities, but control of the countryside (where most of the population lived) largely eluded them. Political Causes. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. Causes of the War of Independence. For the sake of convenience they can divided into the following categories.1.Social And Religious Causes2.Political Causes3.Military Causes | | There are many causes for this war which are: Political. Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … They were dissatisfied with the British administration too. As part of the agreement for peace, the French offered to give all their holdings in America to the British. Flashcards. It was a remarkable event in Indian history and marked the end of the Mughal empire and sealed India's fate as a British colony for the next 100 years.Causes for the RevoltThere were many causes that ultimately lead to this revolt. During the rule of the Mughals, not only the Muslims but also the Hindus would be appointed on all important positions but by the English the Muslims and the Hindus both were deemed as untrustworthy and consequently all the higher posts were held by the White men. War generally involves two or more organized groups or parties (often, nations). There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. In International Relations, a disturbance in the balance of power (Brown, 2005, p.99) is often named as the main cause of war. This war is called war of Independence. "[7] The Kuomintang (KMT) party in China launched a unification campaign against regional warlords and nominally unified China in the mid-1920s, but was soon embroiled in a civil war against its former Chinese communist allies. The causes include many factors such as Political, Economic, Social, Religious and Military causes. Whenever the English annexed any state of India into their domain they dismantled its army and disemployed the local soldiers. But their English officers used force that offended the Hindus and Muslims alike and thus all these causes instigated the war in India to which we call the War of Independence 1857. The war eventually widened far beyond British North America; many Native Americans also fought on both sides of the conflict. However, in order to understand the causes of wars one has to observe many other factors that play into the development of international conflict. Before starting the discussion the causes of war, it is useful to clearly define “war”. Similarly the introduction of some social laws added fuel to fire. Answer: Economic Causes: The British crippled Indian trade and created a high tariff wall in Britain against Indian goods and encouraged the imports of British goods to India. 1. For example, the Nazis hated not just the Jewish Religion, but also Christianity. They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. The only reason they won the war was that their treasury lasted longer than the French treasury. • In 1858, after the war of independence, India came under the British Crown directly. 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